According to The Global Deal Partnership, founded by the United Nations International Labour Organization (ILO), and for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), social dialogue is the way to create jobs and to improve business performance. Social dialogue is the fourth pillar in the ILO’s Decent Work concept, which further includes respect for fundamental labour standards, the promotion of job creation, and social prote
In countries where Mondiaal FNV operates, 65 to 90 percent of the work is carried out in the informal sector, where many women and migrants work. It is not easy to organise these workers and to persuade them to take part in social dialogue.
In countries where trade union rights are under pressure – for example, in fragile states and undemocratic countries – it is necessary to operate with caution, because anyone working for trade unions is often at risk.
Furthermore, governments and employers' organisations are also needed in order for social dialogue to be effective. However, these bodies do not always there, or they are not prepared to consult or negotiate with organised employees.
An additional challenge is that climate change and its consequences are increasingly on the agenda. For a constructive dialogue, this sometimes requires the presence of other partners, such as environmental organisations, in order to achieve a just transition, a switch to sustainable energy, and production with respect for the rights of workers.
Cross-border economies lead to more and more cross-border dialogues. The trade union movement is involved in this. For example, trade union umbrella organisations conclude Global Framework Agreements with multinationals, and Mondiaal FNV supports regional trade union networks in the East African Community (EAC) and in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
During the corona crisis, government policies and support programmes in some countries were discussed with the social partners. This led to better agreements regarding the workers’ health and their wages. The ILO refers to the building of trust through social dialogue as the ‘key to making policies effective’.
We want to help create a successful and effective social dialogue that contributes to inclusive and sustainable economies, and includes decent work and a dignified life for everyone.
We do this in five ways:
We are active in South Asia, the MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa), Sub-Saharan Africa,* East Africa,* Ethiopia, Rwanda, Uganda, and Myanmar. We are phasing out our programme in Indonesia and Ghana.
* We use ‘Sub-Saharan Africa’ and ‘East Africa’ for a regional project or programme in which different countries are involved.